Adderall Psychosis: What You Need to Know


Adderall is a stimulant medication, which means that it increases activity within the central nervous system. It consists of dextroamphetamine as well as amphetamine. These chemicals stimulate the brain and nerves, which are responsible for hyperactivity and impulse control. Typically, it is prescribed for ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) as well as narcolepsy. It is sometimes used for other conditions as well. Adderall psychosis is a lot like any psychosis induced by a psychoactive stimulant drug. Actually, the psychotic effects of this drug are also known as stimulant psychosis.

Adderall Side Effects 

  • Loss of appetite as well as weight loss
  • Stomach upset and pain
  • Negative mood changes and nervousness
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Dizziness and headache
  • Sleep abnormalities

Side Effects that May be Dangerous

  • Hallucination
  • Hostility
  • Aggressions
  • Digit pain (fingers and toes) and color changes
  • Abnormal muscle pain and tenderness
  • Fever
  • Lethargy
  • Dark urine
  • Adderall psychosis

Occasionally, a user will abuse enough of the drug to induce a temporary psychosis. Approximately 20% of Adderall users will encounter this condition.There may actually be a correlation between schizophrenia and this condition. Relatives of amphetamine users who have suffered from amphetamine psychosis are more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia than are relatives of amphetamine users who do not experience psychosis. However, schizophrenia is chronic whereas Adderall psychosis is finite and acute.

Symptoms of Adderall Psychosis

  • Auditory hallucinations
  • Delusions
  • Visual disturbances
  • Agitation

Treatment for Adderall Psychosis

Treatment for Adderall Psychosis usually consists of the treatment of symptoms that are undesirable. Supportive care may involve hydration maintenance as well as body temperature, heart rate monitoring, and blood pressure. Antipsychotics may be used to help lessen mental stress.

Other Stimulant Psychosis

Usually, this type of psychosis is only caused by drugs in the amphetamine and substituted amphetamine classes of stimulants. This excludes coffee, nicotine, and cocaine, but includes cathinones such as bath salts, ephedra, and MDMA. It typically occurs when people use high doses or abuse these drugs.

If you have trouble with any stimulants or any medication, it is imperative that you seek help. Whether that is calling a drug abuse hotline, seeking formal treatment, or going to Narcotics Anonymous, finding help for your addiction is the most important thing you can do.